Both Private and Commercial Pilot Licenses are only valid for Visual Flight Rules (VFR).
In case of bad visibility or even overseas flying without visual landmarks that can be spotted, a Private or Commercial Pilot License will not be sufficient, therefore, the need for an Instrument Flight Rating (IR) becomes necessary. This rating will allow the pilot to fly in bad or low visual conditions, with sole reference to his cockpit panel instruments. The pilot will be able to safely maneuver his aircraft and follow accurate navigation itineraries through clouds, haze, fog, smog, mist and other low visibility conditions, without ever experiencing the necessity to see the ground.
General requirements for an Instrument Rating:
Instrument Rating curriculum:
|During this stage, the student will review Instrument systems, Instrument Navigation, airports, airspace, flight information, departure, en route, arrival, and approach procedures. In addition, the student will gain a greater understanding of what it means to fly by reference to flight instruments.|
|During this stage, the student will learn the specific elements of VOR, NDB, LOC, ILS and GPS Instrument Approach procedures and IFR Flight Planning. They will also expand their knowledge of meteorology, weather forecasting and weather interpretation.|
|During this stage, the student will review the elements of IFR flight covered in Stage I and II. They will also gain knowledge in the areas of IFR Emergencies, Decision Making and Federal Aviation Regulations.|
|This stage provides the student with an introduction to basic attitude instrument flight while emphasizing the primary and supporting instrument scan to include instrument cross-check, interpretation, and aircraft control. Basic attitude instrument flight will be conducted with both a fully functioning panel of flight instruments and simulated instrument failure. Basic instrument navigation skills will be presented including the use of VOR, NDB and/or GPS, and DME navigation aids.|
|This stage builds upon the skills developed in the first stage. Instrument approach procedures and IFR cross-countries are introduced and practiced.|
|Type of Training (Ground)||Hours|
|Flight Briefings (Pre-post briefings)||30|
|Type of Training (Flight)||Hours|
|Aircraft – Dual||30|
|Basic Aviation Training Device||10|
|Flight Training Material||–||–||750|
|Annual Beirut Intl airport security gate pass||–||–||150|
|Aircraft – Dual||30.0||350||10500|
|Basic Aviation Training Device||10.0||100||1000|
|LCAA Examiner Fees||–||–||300|
|LCAA License Fees||–||–||150|
Note: An applicant shall complete a minimum of 50 hours of cross-country flight as pilot-in-command in aeroplanes in order to meet the requirements of LAR s401.41 to be eligible to take the instrument rating flight test.
*The Ground Training is based on the student attending the school, at the scheduled time. Make up lessons for any missed ground training will be held on a one-on-one basis and at an additional ground instruction rate.
|Fees Break-up||Price/Hour (USD)|
|Hourly rate for additional flight instruction in a C172S||350|
|Hourly rate for additional ground instruction (one-on-one)||100|
|Hourly rate for additional pre-post flight briefings||25|